Cuthona millenae
Hermosillo & Valdes, 2007

Superfamily: AEOLIDINA
Family: Tergipedidae


This species is known from various locations in the Mexican Pacific including the oceanic islands of Revillagigedo. Also from Costa Rica.


Locality: Islas Revillagigedo, 65 feet, Colima, Mexico, tropical eastern Pacific, 12 April 2007, Rocky subtidal. Length: 5 mm. Photographer: Ali Hermosillo.

The body is translucent with a pattern of opaque white regions and broad longitudinal bands of bright orange. On the head the background is opaque bluish white and there is an orange band on each side running from the base of the oral tentacles to the base of the rhinophores. Behind the rhinophores the orange band continues back on each side to the first ceratal cluster. A similar orange band on each side runs between the first and second ceratal clusters. There is another orange line on each side, below the cerata, running from the oral tentacles back behind the last ceratal row. The basal third of both the rhinophores and the oral tentacles is transparent and the upper two-thirds is an opaque milky yellow. At the junction of the clear and the yellow regions is a dark brownish band. The posterior part of the body, behind the last cerata to the tip of the tail, is an opaque milky yellow. The cerata are transparent with a yellow-orange tip and below that a central band with blotches of pale yellow orange. The deep green ceratal digestive gland shows through the ceratal wall.

The animal is small, approximately 5 mm in length, and has typical tergipedid features, such as the rounded anterior corners of the foot, and cerata arranged in rows. The rhinophores and oral tentacles are smooth and slightly taper to a rounded tip. The cerata increase in diameter to a maximum about two-thirds the way to the tip, and then narrow to a point. In the description the cerata are said to be arranged in 2 transverse rows, one in front of the pericardium and one behind. However in the photos there appears to be two rows in front of the pericardial space and one behind.

  • Hermosillo A. & Valdés, A. 2007. Five new species of Aeolid nudibranchs (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) from the Tropical Eastern Pacific. American Malacological Bulletin, 22: 119-137, 13 text figures, 1 color pl.
Authorship details
Rudman, W.B., 2007 (August 6) Cuthona millenae Hermosillo & Valdes, 2007. [In] Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum, Sydney. Available from

Related messages

  1. Cuthona millenae from the tropical eastern Pacific
    From: Alicia Hermosillo, August 6, 2007

Show factsheet and all related messages